Dogs need Essential Fatty Acids (EFAs) such as Omega-3 fatty acids and Omega-6 fatty acids. Many dog foods contain Omega-6 as well as grains, vegetables and poultry. Omega-3 fatty acids is somehow more vulnerable and can be lost due to light, heat, and evaporation, so that the omega-3 is always under supplied in any dog’s diet. Adding supplements of Omega-3 fatty acids into your dog’s diet support a healthy heart, kidney, brain, eyes, immune system, skin, and fur. EFAs also reduce inflammation caused by allergies, arthritis, auto immune diseases, and the risk of esophageal cancer.
Cod Liver Oil
EPA and DHA, two types of Omega-3 fatty acids, are found in Cod Liver Oil, but cod liver oil also contains vitamins A and D – fat that are usually accumulate in the dog’sbody and should not be exaggerated. You can give cod liver oil containing no more than 100IUs Vitamin D per 9kg dog’s body weight each day. (The amount of vitamin D supplements are always listed on the labels of cod liver oil). If you want to provide more Omega-3 fatty acids, consider fish oil instead of cod liver oil.
Many dog owners add the vegetable oil into their dog’s diet expecting for its good for dog’s skin and fur, but it rarely happens. Vegetable oils, such as corn oil, safflower oil, soybean oil, and canola oil, contains high Linoleic Acid. Too much Linoleic Acid will result in inflammation.
Flax seed oil contains Alpha-Linolenic Acid (ALA), a form of Omega-3 EFA, that must be first processed by the body into EPA and DHA before it gives benefits. Most dogs do not process it properly, at most 15% of ALA is arable, and in some cases, not processed at all. For this reason, fish oil is the best option to meet the needs of your dog fatty acids.
Olive oil contains mostly Oleic Acid, a non-essential fatty acid Omega-9. Omega-9 fatty acids contradict Omega-3 and Omega-6 fatty acids so that reduce both concentrations in the blood and skin. Olive oil might have a beneficial for the skin and fur, but you should give it in a small amount.
Coconut oil contains saturated fats than its essential fatty acids. Many people believe that coconut oil can help skin problems and other health problems, but coconut oil can not meet the needs of dogs in fatty acids.
Fish oil derived from many types of fish, such as salmon, sardines, and anchovies. Fish oil contains two types of Omega-3 fatty acids which are best for dogs: Eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and Docosahexaenoic acid (DHA).
A single fish oil soft gel pill contains a combination of 200 – 300 milligrams of EPA and DHA combined, although some types are more concentrated. Canned sardines, mackerel, or salmon, is another source of Omega-3 EFAs. A small sardines contain about 100 milligrams of EPA and DHA combined. Give fish oils which contains 300 milligrams of EPA and DHA combined per 9kg-13kg weight of dog. For dogs with health problems, such as heart, kidney, allergies, arthritis, auto immune diseases, or cancer, you can add a dose of up to 300 milligrams per 4kg weight dog.
For these reasons, fish oil is the best choice to meet the needs of dog fatty acids.
Fish oil also contains a small amount of Vitamin E, but it would be better if you add 100 IUs vitamin E per 11 kg body weight at least once every two weeks or even daily.