Anal Glands or Anal sacs, wherein the liquid stored in the gland is used by the dog to ward off predators by releasing bad smell. We have to do a “depletion” of anal gland fluid on a regular basis in order to reduce the bad smell on dogs.
Anal gland sacs (Image edited from dummy.com and petremedycharts.blogspot.com)
Anal glands or anal sacs are small glands found near the anus in many mammals, including dogs and cats. They are paired sacs located on either side of the anus between the external and internal sphincter muscles. Anal gland fluid that is not routinely be released would make a bad smell and this is very disturbing. Dogs that rarely or never done this fluid releasing, would seem have more viscous and creamy anal gland fluid, but dogs that are routinely performed anal gland discharge will be more dilute and even a bit of milky translucent and the smell is not that bad.
Dog owner should squeeze the gland so the liquids are released through the small openings on either side of the anus to maintain the dog’s hygiene and to eliminate discomfort. This technique is known as anal sac expression. It may not be the most comfortable job, but it is the best way to relieve the problem. First, take the dog to the bathtub and apply lukewarm water. Slip into some latex exam gloves and lift the dog’s tail. Squeeze your thumb and forefinger together on the right side of the anus and the left side. Apply moderate pressure. A brownish foul-smelling fluid should come out. If nothing comes out, adjust the angle and repeat. If this is very painful for dog and dog’s owner, please call the veterinarian
Anal glands may be removed surgically in a procedure known as anal sacculectomy.