To care of the new-born puppies and a new mother that already gave birth is really exhausting. But, it is also interesting when we touch babies and see the mother’s love to her new babies. So, what treatments should we do after the dog parturition especially for the mother?
Dog parturition consumes extra energy so that the mother would be tired and need a lot of nutrient intake shortly after she gave birth. Take some food to the whelping box, so the mother can eat and drink without having to be distant far off with their children. Do not put food in a lower place to make it out of reach of the puppies. Give the food every 2-3 hours. Make sure the hygiene is maintained so that it is not contaminating their puppies.
2-3 days after giving birth, the mother’s appetite will increase 2-4 times higher than pre-pregnancy. She does require the intake of beverages and high quality dog food (with the high levels of protein, fat and minerals) to maintain body weight and health during this phase of lactation. She also needs multi vitamins and minerals supplements intake to make the body stay fit.
Ideally, the mother’s body weight will not change much, from when she gives breastfeeding until weaning. We should pay attention when her body look even thinner, as a sign that she is not getting enough nutrients, either from food or from supplements.
During and after puppies birth, the mother should be routinely brought outside to do urination and defecation. It is possible that she will still give birth to another puppy, so pay attention on it.
The whelping box should be replaced at least once a day. Meanwhile, when the puppies start eating solid food, whelping box should be replaced every 2-3 times a day, especially if the mother is no longer clean up her puppies.
How to make this whelping box? Place a piece of cardboard on the bottom, then cover with a few sheets of paper. Cover it with a warm blanket. This blanket should be large enough, so that the edges can be neatly tucked under four corners of the box, in order to avoid the puppies stuck on the blanket wrinkles.
– Health Care
5-6 hours after giving birth, do not forget to bring the mother and the puppies to the vet. In the meantime, do not forget to check the mammary gland and the mother’s nipples at least once a day, to ensure there are no signs of redness, swelling, or other uncommon symptoms.
If symptoms of mastitis appear, we should immediately consult veterinarian. For the first aid, just try massaging the mammary gland and clean it with warm water. It is very important to prevent further disorder. If there are several milk glands are clogged, the puppies should be given a drink with a bottle.
Another important thing is cutting the puppies’ nails so that they not scratch or injure the mammary glands of the mother. Meanwhile, when the puppies begin teething, we should also check the bite marks around the mother’s nipples.
After giving birth, the mother will bleed from the vulva – like menstruation. Blood will be out probably pretty much the first few days. The amount will be reduced until it stops, and the color of blood become darker after 2-3 week post-partum.
During pregnancy, one of the most dominant characteristic is hair loss. Thick hairs will begin to fall out when the parent entered the phase of weaning. The hair loss will be more severe than normal hair loss cycle time. Some of the mother dog will even look a bit bald. But do not worry, because this is normal and will stop by itself within 4-5 months.