Parvovirus (Image source: Wikipedia)
Canine parvovirus (sometimes called parvo) is a contagious disease caused by transmission of animal viruses that attack small intestine organs followed by secondary bacterial infection so that the organs will be damaged. Parvoviruses tend to be specific about the taxon of animal they will infect, for instance, canine parvovirus will affect dogs, wolves, and foxes, but only some of them will infect cats. Humans can be infected by viruses from the family Parvoviridae. The virus is shed in the stools of acutely infected dogs for up to several weeks following infection. The disease is then transmitted by oral contact with infected feces. Parvo can be carried on the dog’s hair and feet, as well as on contaminated crates, shoes, and other objects. When the dog licks the fecal material off hair, feet, or anything that came in contact with infected feces, he acquires the virus. Based on the symptoms appear. we can diagnose parvovirus in dog by physical examination, urine tests, biochemical test, radiographic tests, and ultrasound tests. When the dog infected by parvo virus, the treatments are usually focused on the treatment of secondary infections by bacteria
Symptoms of Parvovirus Infection:
– Lost weight
– Bloody diarrhea
– Loss of appetite
Treatment for Parvovirus Infection:
– Giving therapeutic liquid containing nutrients, electrolytes and protein. This fluid therapy to combat dehydration is very important since the dogs suffer dehydration. – Giving antibiotics to treat infections caused by bacteria
– Giving anti-vomiting medicine – Giving anti-inflammatory drugs – Giving anti-parasitic medicine, such as worm infestation
– More severe cases may require blood plasma transfusions and other intensive care.
Prevention to avoid Parvovirus Infection:
– Regular vaccination for dogs to get a strong immunity. The first vaccine is typically given at about 6-8 weeks of age of puppy, and repeated every 4 weeks until 16-20 weeks of age. Adult dog may be given with yearly vaccines. – Hygiene environment, drinking water, and nutritious food
– Parvo resists most household cleaners and survives on the premises for months. However, we can use bleach disinfectant in a 1:32 dilution and then must be left on the contaminated surface for 20 minutes before being rinsed.
– Keep away a dog with parvovirus from other dogs, especially puppies.