Newborn puppy needs to be vaccinated soon after the birth. This vaccines need to be given regularly to ensure your puppy grow healthy and strong. At first, we must ask the veterinarian to determine the type of vaccine needed for your puppy because the type, time to give, and the procedures are vary among dog breeds.
The newborn puppies are not supported with the strong self immune system. Therefore, newborn puppies are somewhat vulnerable from disease. Fortunately, they could get additional protective antibodies and immunity derived from its mother through the blood flow to the placenta and colostrum.
In the other hand, colostrum is only produced between the time of birth until approximately 36-48 hours after the birth. After two days, the puppies are no longer gain immunity from its mother’s milk.
Puppies can also gain maternal antibody protection by their mother that in the near future have been vaccinated against the disease. In other word, if the mother has not been vaccinated, the puppies will not be immune to the virus/bacteria attack as well. Maternal antibodies will only be circulated through the blood in a limited of time, only about a few weeks.
Immunizations are important for newborn puppies. At the first stage, puppies should be given at least three combination vaccines. Then, the average first advocated the combination vaccine conducted during a six-week-old puppy, and repeated every three weeks until he reached the age of 16 weeks. It is believed to provide protection for most puppies.
Types of Vaccines
What type of vaccines should be given to puppies?
– Parvovirus (Parvo)
Parvovirus attacks attacks dog’s digestive system. Symptoms include diarrhea and severe vomiting – that sometimes include bleeding, high fevers, and lethargic. Their pup generally produces foul-smelling, and sometimes yellowish. Parvo can also attack the dog’s heart, causing congestive heart failure. Without proper medical care, Parvo disease is often fatal.
The disease attacks all the dog’s body tissues. It is transmitted through respiration, when the pup inhaling contaminated air. In the initial phase, dogs will suffer flu-like symptoms with fever. However, the next phase, it will be followed by vomiting, high fever, diarrhea, aggressive behavior, thickening or peeling nose, and soles of the feet. This disease can be fatal. Sometimes, when the dogs managed to recover though, they generally will experience nerve damage. Therefore, preventive action that are highly recommended is by vaccination.
It is transmitted through contaminated feces or urine. This disease affects the kidneys and liver. Symptoms include high fever, losing appetite, vomiting, diarrhea with blood, and depressive behavior. Infected dogs can be having chronic health problems in the future. Dogs that are recovering from this disease also produce the contaminated feces and urine virus, that can infect other animals. So, vaccination is the best prevention to avoid this disease.
– Leptospirosis (Lepto)
Almost similar to hepatitis, Lepto attacks the dog’s liver and kidney. This disease can infect humans as well through contaminated dog urine. Symptoms include vomiting, thirst, diarrhea with blood, and depressive behavior. In some cases, dogs skin are become yellowish. Although, it can be cured with antibiotic treatment, the best prevention is still by vaccination.
– Rabiesimmunizations gor newborn puppies
This disease is transmitted through the saliva of infected animals. Rabies is another disease that can infect humans. This disease attacks the nerve tissues, and result in paralysis and often ends in death. Again, vaccination is the most powerful weapon for combating this disease